Regional Office for Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean

Portal of Culture of Latin America and the Caribbean

Peru - Cajon peruano (Peruvian Box Drum)

The Peruvian box drum is a percussion instrument devised by African slaves that had settled in the coastal areas of the country. Since the playing of drums in their celebrations was prohibited by the Catholic Church and the authorities of the viceroyalty, they devised a substitute that would accompany their celebrations.


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The cajón or Peruvian box drum is one of the most widely known instruments from the musical heritage of Peruvians. It has become an international instrument and has been part of various musical experiences around the world, such as flamenco or Cuban music.

The Festival of the Peruvian Box Drum has been held since year 2008 in Lima, a festival organized initially by musician and researcher Rafael Santa Cruz.


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Other data of interest



En toda la costa peruana


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National monument


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