Regional Office for Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean

Portal of Culture of Latin America and the Caribbean

Dominican Republic - Diego Caballero sugar mill

The Diego Caballero sugar mill, property of Diego Caballero, First Secretary of the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo, appears among those mentioned by Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo in his Historia General y Natural de las Indias (General and Natural History of Indies) in 1546

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By 1518 the Secretary General asked the King for a square league (about 3 miles) of land to build a village. It is on that plot of land that the sugar mill was built, together with the first vineyards in the New World.

The architectonic structure shows all the components of a colonial sugar mill, boilers, furnace, water ponds, etc.

Archaeological restoration works were done in 1988, when some parts were rebuilt. Those archaeological studies conducted by Fernando Luna Calderón identified tools and remains of instruments used to punish the slaves. A relevant discovery were prints found of mutilated feet of slaves, a clear expression of the nature of the punishment –horrible torture applied to the slaves who were captured after fleeing to maroons hiding places.

The very extension of the estate, which was densely populated with slaves, is indicative of the many acts of resistance by the slave population.

Source: Multimedia "Sites of Memory of the Slave Route in the Latin Caribbean":

Accessibility: Fair
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Other data of interest

Dominican Republic

Historical name

Ingenio Diego Caballero

Founding Date



Nigua, San Cristóbal, República Dominicana / Dominican Republic , PC: 91000 .

Links to social networks

Antiguo Ingenio de Diego Caballero en el Portal de la UNESCO (en inglés):

Antiguo Ingenio de Diego Caballero en el Canal del Patrimonio Cultural Dominicano en YouTube:


Responsible entity

Ministry of Culture


Agro-industrial complex




Route Workplace

Access level


Current Use


Original use

Sugar mill

Property kind



  • National Monument 2014