Regional Office for Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean

Portal of Culture of Latin America and the Caribbean

Cuba - Valle de los Ingenios (Valley of the Mills)

The Valle de los Ingenios was one of the richest sugar-producing regions of Cuba during the first half of the 19th century, with scores of sugar mills that prospered, with their own plantations, slave quarters, surrounding hamlets, burial sites, and fertile grounds which generated the riches and splendour of Trinidad during that period. In 1795 there were 2676 slaves in 34 sugar mills.


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It has been declared National Monument (1989) and World Heritage (1988)


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Other data of interest


Historical name

Valle de los Ingenios


Municipio Trinidad (Municipality of Trinidad), Sancti Spíritus , PC: 62600 .

Responsible entity

Office of the Curator of Trinidad and the Valle de los Ingenios

Management plan


Cultural landscape


National monument Inscribed on the World Heritage List



Access level


Current Use

Agriculture, forest logging, ranching, tourism and settlements.

Original use

Sugar industry

Property kind


Expressions of intangible heritage associated

Communities upholding the African traditions which are expressed in religion, music and dance are still living in the valley.